One of the challenges for nursing and healthcare education
programs that want to use simulation scenarios is deciding whether or not to
use standardized patients (also called standardized participants or simulated
patients, and referred to here as SPs going forward).
Manikins can provide very basic feedback for some simulation scenarios. Learning how to take vital signs, perform CPR, and invasive procedures like placing an NG tube are best used with manikins. However, as healthcare professionals progress in their education, and move out of the classroom and into a simulation lab, more fidelity is required, and SPs can be sought.
These articles are based on a presentation by Jan Barber, MSN, RN, the Operations Manager / Education Planner for the RISE Center at Robert Morris University. “Building a Standardized Patient Program,” was presented at the SimPOW meeting of November 16, 2018, at Pocket Nurse Corporate Headquarters. To learn more about standardized patients in healthcare education, see the site for the Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPEducators).
SimPOW is happy to return to Pocket Nurse for a second year in a row.
Friday, Nov. 16, 2018
11 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Pocket Nurse Corporate Headquarters
610 Frankfort Rd., Monaca, PA 15061
11-11:15 a.m.: Registration and welcome
11:15 a.m.-Noon: Simulated Participants by Janet Barber, Standardized patient manager and facilitator at Robert Morris University
Noon-12:30 p.m.: Lunch and give-aways
12:30 p.m.-1:15 p.m: Simulation in Career Technical Education (CTE) by Theresa Cairns, Program coordinator at Beaver County Career and Technology Center
1:15 p.m.-1:45 p.m.: Digital Resources: Blogging and Social Media for Your Simulation Lab by Dawn Patton Mangine, Copywriter at Pocket Nurse
Session Details: As always, attendance is free and CE credits are available. A complimentary lunch is provided. Limited stock of Pocket Nurse simulation product solutions is available! Free parking is provided in front of the Pocket Nurse building.
Robert Morris University is holding a panel discussion about medical errors and how to address them, sponsored by the RMU Health Services Administration Program. A networking reception takes place from 5-6 pm, and the keynote presentation starts at 6 pm.
Medical Errors: American #3 Leading Cause of Death. What is the Solution?
Monday, October 29, 5 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.
Yorktown Hall Westinghouse Room, Robert Morris University
Keynote Address/Panelist: Karen Wolk Feinsein, Ph.D., President and CEO of the Jewish Healthcare Foundation/Pittsburgh Regional Healthcare Initiative (PRHI)
Viewing of the patient safety film, To Err is Human
Paul Phrampus, MD, Peter M. Winter Institute for Simulation Education and Research (WISER)
Kathy Hayes-Leight, AHN Patient Safety Officer
Richard Kundravi, Patient Safety Liaison, Northwest Region, PA Patient Safety Authority
Diane Frndak, HSA Faculty; Family member experienced a medical error
Facilited by Dr. Holly Hampe (HSA) and Dr. Suzan Kardong-Edgren (RISE Center)
If you are interested in attending, RSVP to Dr. Hampe, email@example.com, or call 412-397-5483.
The Simulation Alliance of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia (SimPOW) is excited to announce its first official planning committee. Interested candidates can volunteer by filling out the form here.
The committee will be responsible for the following:
1. Plan and coordinate all SimPOW sessions
2. Teach best practices and industry trends to educators and simulation advocates
3. Record and review attendee feedback
4. Build a network of knowledgeable educators and simulation advocates
5. Spread awareness of simulation to local communities
Any help is appreciated. We hope for representation from all three states. Attending the quarterly SimPOW meetings is strongly encouraged.
Please direct questions about the committee to Suzie Kardong-Edgren at firstname.lastname@example.org.
August SimPOW’s meeting is scheduled to meet on Saturday, August 4, 2018, at Washington Hospital, Washington PA.
Session 1: Simulation with millennials: How does it change things?
Session 2: Lessons from the street: Getting started with simulation-enhanced inter-professional education. Presented by founder and CEO of Avkin, Amy Cowperthwait, RN, MSN.
Learn more about Avkin, a company designing innovative wearable technology for simulation, here.
This free meeting will be from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., at the Rice Energy Family Simulation Center, 155 Wilson Ave., Washington PA 15301. Lunch will be provided.
This is a guest post from Avkin, written by Amy Cowperthwait, Founder and CEO. A version of this was originally posted at SimTalk Blog. Avkin offers the latest in wearable technology, and they are presenting at the August 4 SimPOW meeting. Hope to see you there!
The foundation of healthcare simulation is patient safety. In the not-so-distant past, students learned primarily from lectures and textbooks, with a smattering of skills practice before being ushered into the clinical setting and assigned a real, live patient to apply what they had learned. By introducing hands-on training in the safety of a simulation lab, schools reduce student anxiety, enhance their didactic learning, and work to protect vulnerable patients.
Once I began introducing simulation experiences as the Simulation Resource Center Coordinator of University of Delaware, I began to see the converse of student anxiety in the sim lab — student apathy.
I vividly recall a student learning basic life support, a life-saving technique. The team worked quickly to save the “patient” but not quickly enough. I informed the team over the intercom that the patient had died. The student who had been performing CPR slapped her hands down on the chest of the manikin and shouted, “You’re dead!”
As a healthcare professional, mother, daughter, and wife, I imagined what I’d do if this manikin was actually was someone I cared for. I certainly wouldn’t be pleased by the callousness of the student.
One of the most crucial reminders for students is to pretend that the manikin, model, or trainer is a real person. They should imagine it is a family member or loved one. They should care for this device like they would a real human being.
I don’t blame students who are unable to suspend disbelief. It’s impossible to empathize with foam and plastic. That’s why I developed Healthcare Theatre at the University of Delaware and advocate the use of simulated participants (either patients or family members) wherever I go.
Taking Simulation Seriously
Future health professionals acting as patients begin to see things through the eyes of the patient and develop empathy. Having a procedure done, especially one as invasive as suctioning or replacing a tracheostomy, is frightening. Allowing students to witness patient’s vantage is incredibly useful.
No current technology can match the realism of a human patient. As professionals, students will regularly encounter resistance from patients. It’s best they begin to learn this while under the guidance of a trained educator.
Students are more likely to be enthused and engaged when interacting with simulated participants. Performing procedures on real humans who can respond appropriately to care and provide patient-centered feedback helps the student understand patients’ perspective and gain confidence for future interactions.
However, what I discovered early on is the benefit of simulated participants is limited with regard to the medical complexity of the scenario.
One way to take advantage of the benefits of both the manikin technology and interaction of the simulated participants is the Avkin system. You can learn more here.